TOEFL

                 TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is a standardized English language skills in writing a person who covers four aspects of acquisition: Listening, Writing and Reading. TOEFL is also an English language proficiency assessment is accepted by more than 6,000 institutions. You might think that all this is in America or United Kingdom, but they are scattered around the world in 110 countries. Almost every university in the English-speaking countries such as the major U.S., UK, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, use TOEFL scores to determine whether or not non-English speakers are acceptable on their programs, scholarship, or enter graduate school.

              Benefits of the TOEFL test measures your ability to speak, read, and write in English at a college or university. This test is one of the best measure of whether you are ready to attend college in an English-speaking school. While you may think that you speak and write English well, doing so at the college level is completely different, especially if you have learned as a foreign language.

TOEFL has two general goal, that is : Academic and General.

  1. Academic goals (academic) is for educational purposes, research or related academic activities abroad, or in Indonesia. In order to graduate, usually a minimum value is 550, while for S1 is 500.
  2. General purpose (general), is generally used in the field of employment, promotion or job assignment. Many companies that install standard English TOEFL employees to see the value. Generally, a minimum TOEFL score is 500 for standard promotion.TOEFL  merupakan test bahasa Inggris yang diciptakan dan dikembangkan oleh ETS (Educational Testing Service) di New Jersey, USA sejak tahun 1963. Test ini digunakan untuk mengukur kecakapan (proficiency) berbahasa Inggris seseorang dalam konteks akademis.

         Currently TOEFL not only be required for admission to foreign universities, but has grown as one of the requirements to apply for a job as, especially in the bona fide companies. It is also because we are entering the era of free trade

           Finally, this test gives you bias measure your English language skills. Score tests anonymously, and no interviews are included as part of the process. If you know English well, you will score well, plain and simple. TOEFL is the best measure of your ability to succeed in an English-speaking course.

           TOEFL has four parts, that is listening comprehension, grammar structure and written expression, reading comprehension, dan writing. In this discourse, the author will discuss the skills from one part of the TOEFL listening section.

 

SKILL 1 : RESTATEMENT

Often the correct answer in listening section is an answer that contains a restatement of the ideas in the second line of the conversation.

Example:
On the recording, you hear:

(Woman) Steve, is something the matter? You don’t look very good

(Man) Oh, I’m feeling a little sick today

(Narrator) What does the man mean?

In your test book you read:

(A) He‟s very good looking

(B) He’s a bit ill

(C) He looks worse than he feels

(D) His feet are a little thick

In this conversation, sick means ill, and a little means a bit. The best answer to this question is therefore answer (B) because answer (B) restates the idea in the second line of the dialogue. Please note that answer (D) is definitely not a correct answer because it contains feet instead of feel and thick instead of sick. These words are similar in sound but not in meaning to the words that you hear on the recording.

Skill 2: NEGATIVES

Negative expressions are very common in listening section. The most common kind of correct response to a negative statement is a positive statement containing a word with an opposite meaning.

 

Example:
On the recording, you hear:

(woman) Did you get a lot of work done at the library today?

(man) I couldn’t. It wasn’t very quiet there

(narrator) What does the man mean?

In your test book, you read:

(A) The library was noisy

(B) He got a lot done

(C) He couldn‟t quite get to the library today

(D) The library‟s a good place to work because it‟s quite

The correct answer is answer (A). If it was not quiet in the library, this means that it was noisy. Notice that the correct answer uses noisy, the opposite of quiet.

The following chart shows how negatives can be tested on the TOEFL test.

Skill 3: SUGGESTIONS

Suggestions are common in Listening Part A, so you should become familiar with them. The following example shows an expression of a suggestion.

Example :

On the recording, you hear:

(man) I haven’t talked with my parents in a while

(woman) Why don’t you call them now?

(narrator) What does the woman suggest?

In your test book, you read:

(A) Calling off his visit

(B) Talking about his parents

(C) Calling his parents in a while

(D) Phoning his family

 In this example, the expression why don’t is an expression of suggestion, so the woman’s suggestion is to call them. This means that the woman suggests phoning his family. The best answer is therefore answer (D). The following chart lists common expressions that show suggestion.

Skill 4: Passive

It is sometimes difficult to understand who or what is doing the action in a passive sentence. This problem is often tested in Listening Part A.

Example:

On the recording, you hear:

(man) Is that a new chair?

(woman) Yes, we just bought it last night

(Narrator) What does the woman mean?

In this test book, you read:

(A) She brought the chair with her

(B) The chair was lost for a week

(C) The chair was purchased recently

(D) She bought the last chair from the store

In this conversation, the woman uses an active idea, we. . . bought it [ the chair]. The correct answer uses the passive idea the chair was purchased. Therefore, the best answer to the question above is answer (C).

Notes :

1. If the conversation contains a passive statement, the answer to the question is often an active statement.

2. If the conversation contains an active statement, the answer to the question is often a passive statement.

 

Skill 5: Who and Where

Both are often used in a brief dialogue with the purpose of attracting the kind of conclusion. In this case the answer is not clearly stated, but must be inferred based on the clauses given in the dialogue. One common type of conclusion in this test section is asking you to determine who the speaker was, by clause in the dialogue.

 1.      WHO 

One kind of conclusion that is common in this part of the test is to ask you to determine who the speaker is, based on clues given in the conversation.

Example 1:

On the recording, you hear:

(man) What do you do during your performance?

(woman) I play the piano and sing

(narrator) Who is the woman most likely to be?

In your test book, you hear:

(A) An athlete

(B) A member of the audience

(C) A clerk in a music store

(D) A musician

The clues performances, piano, and sing in the conversation tell you that the woman is probably a musician. Answer (D) is therefore the correct answer.

 2.      WHERE

Another type of conclusion that is common in Listening Part A is to determine where the conversation probably takes place, based on clues given in the conversation.

Example 2:

On the recording, you hear:

(man) I’d like to open an account, please

(woman) What type of account would you like, a checking or savings account?
(narrator) Where does the conversation probably take place?

In your test book, you read:

(A) In a accounting class

(B) In a bank

(C) At a service station

(D) In a market

Exercise

Skill 1 (Restatement)

1. (woman)     : What do you like about your new house?

(man)          : It’s very close to a park.

(narrator)    : What does the man mean?

(A) The house is closed up now.

(B) He parks his car close to his house.

(C) His home is near a park.

(D) He doesn’t really like his new house.

2. (man)          : Mark said some really nice things to me.

(woman)     : He’s very grateful for what you did.

(narrator)    : What does the woman say about Mark?

(A) He did a great job.

(B) He bought a crate full of fruit.

(C) He made a great fool of himself. He’s thankful.

(D) He’s thankful.

3. (woman)     : Sam, you’ve been working at the computer for hours.

(man)          : Yes, and I need to take a break.

(narrator)    : What does the man mean?

(A) The computer’s broken.

(B) He needs to relax for a while.

(C) He should keep working.

(D) He’s broke.

4. (man)          : How was the dance last night?

(woman)     : We had such a good time

(narrator)    : What does the woman mean?

(A) The dance was fun.

(B) It was a good time to dance.

(C) She thinks the man is such a good dancer.

(D) Tonight is the last time to dance.

5. (man)          : Are you ready to leave?

(woman)     : I need about thirty minutes

(narrator)    : What does the woman mean?

(A) She’s quite thirsty.

(B) She’ll be ready in a half hour.

(C) She needs to leave now.

(D) She was ready thirty minutes ago.

6. (woman)     : I’m really having a trouble in psychology class.

(man)          : You should talk with the teacher.

(narrator)    : What does the man mean?

(A) The woman should teach the class herself.

(B) The woman should see a psychiatrist.

(C) It’s a good idea to speak with the instructor.

(D) He would like to discuss psychology with the woman.

7. (man)          : Have you found the a job yet?

(woman)     : I actually started my new job yesterday

(narrator)    : What does the woman mean?

(A) She has a starring role.

(B) She has not found a job yet.

(C) She found the lost dog.

(D) She just began working.

8. (man)          : Do you know why stand want to talk to me?

(woman)     : He need to find someone to share an apartment

(narrator)    : What does the woman say about stand?

(A) He shares everything he has.

(B) He has to find his lost shirt.

(C) He is climbing the stairs to the apartment.

(D) He has to get a roommate.

9. (woman)     : When are you taking your vacation

(man)          : In a full

(narrator)    : What does the man mean?

(A) His vacation is full of activities.

(B) In autumn he’ll have a vacation.

(C) He can’t have a vacation because he suffered a fall.

(D) He’s foolish to take a vacation now.

10. (man)          : Did you enjoyed the book?

(woman)     : It was quiet pleasant to rid

(narrator)    : What does the woman mean?

(A) The book was very enjoyable.

(B) It was unpleasant to get rid of the bugs.

(C) She only reads when it is quiet.

(D) It is pleasant to ride a bike.

Skill 2 (Negatives)

1. (woman) :  You made so many mistakes in this homework.

(man)      :  I wasn’t very careful.

(narrator): What does the man mean?

(A) He was rather careless.

(B) He does not care about mistakes.

(C) He took care of the work at home.

(D) He did not carry the work home.

2. (man)      : Is there a lot of soup? I’m kind of hungry.

(woman) :  Sorry, there’s not a lot.

(narrator): What does the woman mean?

(A) There’s not very much soap.

(B) She doesn’t like soup.

(C) There’s only a little soup.

(D) The man should not be hungry.

3. (woman)  : How was the weather on your trip?

(man)      : There wasn’t a cloud in the sky.

(narrator): What does the man mean?

(A) It was cloudy.

(B) He couldn’t see the sky

(C) It wasn’t very crowded.

(D) There was a lot of sunshine.

4. (woman)  : why were you so late getting here

(man)      : but i wasnt late

(narrator): What does the man mean?

(A) He was on time.

(B) He’s sorry he was late.

(C) He doesn’t know why he was late.

(D) He hasn’t come there lately

5. (man)      : Did you bring the book with you

(woman) :  oh im sorry, i didnt remember to bring it

(narrator): What does the woman mean?

(A) She’s sorry she brought the book.

(B) She remembered to say she was sorry.

(C) She forgot the book.

(D) She didn’t remember the ring.

6. (man)      : Is the baby awake yet?

(woman) :  No she is not

(narrator): What does the woman say about the baby ?

(A) The baby’s nodding off.

(B) The baby’s asleep.

(C) The baby’s on the way home.

(D) The baby’s just waking up.

7. (woman)  : are you going on the trip by your self

(man)      : No im traveling with a large group of people

(narrator): What does the man mean?

(A) He wants to go by himself.

(B) He isn’t going on the trip.

(C) He has a large number of friends.

(D) He isn’t traveling alone.

8. (man)      : do you have time to go to the park for a while

(woman) :  sure im not very busy

(narrator): What does the woman mean?

(A) She does not have time to park the car.

(B) She has some free time.

(C) She has not been to the park in a while.

(D) The park is too wild.

9. (woman)  : that apple looks good

(man)      : it may look good, but its not its not sweet it all

(narrator): What does the man say about the apple?

(A) The apple is good because it’s sweet.

(B) There is an apple in each suite.

(C) The apple doesn’t look good.

(D) The apple is sour.

10. (man)      : i think you should throw that plant out, its looks dead

(woman) :  but im sure its not dead

(narrator): What does the woman mean?

(A) She’s certain the plant’s alive.

(B) She’s not sure what happened to the plant.

(C) She planned to throw it out.

(D) She’s sure the plant should be thrown out.

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